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Physical Education and Wellness

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Physical education and wellness curriculum supports a strength-based focus that promotes the development of the whole individual and aims to nurture students in their pursuit of a healthy and active life. From Kindergarten to Grade 6, students are supported on their journey of achieving optimal well-being through a healthy school community that emphasizes
  • movement skills development
  • active living
  • growth and physical development
  • safety
  • personal development, mental health, and well-being
  • nutrition and healthy eating
  • healthy relationships
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Kindergarten
Grade 1
Grade 2
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Organizing Idea
Active Living: A healthy way of life includes regular practice of meaningful active living.
Guiding Question
How can physical activity be included in daily life?
Guiding Question
How can physical activity contribute to health?
Guiding Question
What makes physical activity meaningful?
Learning Outcome
Children explore and recognize physical activity in a variety of contexts.
Learning Outcome
Students investigate the benefits of physical activity.
Learning Outcome
Students investigate physical activity and relate it to personal experience.
Knowledge
Individual or group physical activity can involve
  • play
  • sports
  • transportation
  • recreation
Understanding
Physical activity involves participation in movement experiences in safe and enjoyable environments.
Skills & Procedures
Perform physical activity experiences that provide personal enjoyment.
Knowledge
Immediate changes from participating in physical activity can include
  • breathing faster
  • faster heart rate
  • sweating
  • feeling good
  • increased thirst
Understanding
Physical activity causes immediate changes in the body.
Skills & Procedures
Experience changes in the body as a result of participating in physical activity.
Knowledge
Factors influencing physical activity can include
  • peers
  • family
  • culture
  • natural environments
  • built environments
  • access
  • cost of activities and programs
Adventurous play can
  • promote independence and problem solving
  • provide direct experience of cause and effect
  • develop children’s coordination and bodily control
  • boost self-confidence and emotional resilience
  • reduce stress
  • satisfy curiosity and a need for challenge
Understanding
Physical activity can be influenced by a variety of factors.
Skills & Procedures
Present how factors influence physical activity.
Knowledge
Physical activity needs to be balanced with times of rest.

Rest contributes to optimal health.
Understanding
Physical activity requires an individual to expend energy when moving.
Skills & Procedures
Discuss how rest is required to allow the body to recover from physical activity.
Knowledge
Physical activity is associated with mental health benefits, including
  • happiness
  • calmness
  • focus
  • improved sleep
  • building relationships
  • improved memory
Understanding
Physical activity supports mental health.
Skills & Procedures
Participate in physical activity in a variety of contexts to improve well-being.

Reflect on personal feelings or emotional well-being when participating in physical activity.
Knowledge
Physical activity experiences on the land can include
  • hunting
  • trapping
  • fishing
  • gathering
  • nature walks
  • hiking
Adventurous play can
  • promote independence and problem solving
  • provide direct experience of cause and effect
  • develop children’s coordination and bodily control
  • boost self-confidence and emotional resilience
  • reduce stress
  • satisfy curiosity and a need for challenge
Understanding
Physical activity can be connected to experiences on the land.
Skills & Procedures
Participate in physical activities on the land.
Knowledge
Games and activities can be
  • rhythmic
  • gymnastic
  • expressive
  • individual
  • challenging
  • adventurous
  • cultural
Understanding
Physical activity can be experienced in a variety of ways.
Skills & Procedures
Participate in a variety of physical activities and games.
Knowledge
Long-term health benefits of regular physical activity can include
  • stronger bones
  • stronger muscles
  • increased brain function
  • improved endurance
Understanding
Regular physical activity has health benefits and can help prevent illness.
Skills & Procedures
Describe health benefits of regular physical activity.
Knowledge
Factors affecting physical activity can include
  • technology
  • time
  • cost of activities or programs
  • accessibility
  • availability of resources
  • injury
Understanding
Physical activity can decrease due to a variety of factors.

Physical activity can be modified in response to a variety of factors.
Skills & Procedures
Record the amount of personal time spent engaged in physical activity.

Develop a plan to support personal engagement in physical activity.
Knowledge
Each day provides different opportunities for physical activity.

Play can be structured, unstructured, or adventurous.

Unstructured play includes the opportunity for children to interact freely and be active with each other without the intervention of adults.

Adventurous play includes experiencing challenging activities in outdoor learning environments.

Games and activities can be
  • rhythmic
  • gymnastic
  • expressive
  • individual
  • challenging
  • adventurous
  • cultural
Understanding
Daily physical activity is foundational for a healthy lifestyle.
Skills & Procedures
Select a variety of physical activity opportunities to experience regularly.
Knowledge
Preparation and recovery actions can support endurance, improve flexibility, and reduce the risk of injury.

Preparation for and recovery from physical activity can include
  • proper nutrition and hydration
  • equipment check
  • warm-up
  • cool-down
  • appropriate clothing and footwear
Understanding
Physical activities can be enhanced through preparation and recovery.
Skills & Procedures
Demonstrate appropriate preparation for and recovery from physical activity.
Knowledge
Physical activity can promote positive interactions with others through shared interests, goal setting, and experiences.

Games and activities can be
  • rhythmic
  • gymnastic
  • expressive
  • individual
  • challenging
  • adventurous
  • cultural
Understanding
Participation in physical activity provides an opportunity for individuals to interact positively with others.
Skills & Procedures
Demonstrate positive interactions with others during physical activity.
Knowledge
Physical activity can be categorized as light, moderate, and vigorous.
Understanding
Physical activity can require varying degrees of exertion and energy.
Skills & Procedures
Participate in physical activities that require various levels of exertion and energy.
Organizing Idea
Movement Skill Development: A healthy way of life includes regular movement.
Guiding Question
How can an awareness of the body facilitate movement?
Guiding Question
How might awareness of the surroundings impact movement?
Guiding Question
How are awareness and movement connected?
Learning Outcome
Children explore spatial awareness in a variety of physical activity contexts.
Learning Outcome
Students investigate and demonstrate how spatial awareness influences movement and physical activity.
Learning Outcome
Students examine and apply an understanding of how spatial awareness supports physical activity across a variety of contexts.
Knowledge
Spatial awareness is knowing one’s location relative to people, objects, and the surrounding environment.
Understanding
Spatial awareness requires knowledge of personal space and general space.

Personal space is the physical space immediately surrounding an individual.

General space is the space within a defined area through which an individual can move.

Spatial awareness helps people stay safe in various environments.
Skills & Procedures
Practise moving in relation to the location and proximity of people or objects in a variety of physical activity contexts.
Knowledge
Spatial awareness is the ability to judge one’s distance in relation to people, objects, and the surrounding environment.
Understanding
Spatial awareness helps individuals think about their whole body as it moves through space.

Spatial awareness involves moving creatively to safely navigate through space.
Skills & Procedures
Demonstrate various ways of moving safely through space during physical activity.
Knowledge
Spatial awareness is knowing how the body moves through space.
Understanding
Spatial awareness can be improved through ongoing scanning and assessment of surroundings.
Skills & Procedures
Scan and assess surroundings to support spatial awareness.
Knowledge
Responses that support movement through general space can include
  • adjusting location
  • adjusting proximity
  • demonstrating control
  • stopping on signal
  • moving safely and sensitively
Understanding
Environmental cues can help individuals with their spatial awareness in order to navigate through general space.
Skills & Procedures
Demonstrate appropriate responses to environmental cues.
Knowledge
Spatial awareness is the ongoing process to make decisions in relation to people or objects.
Understanding
Effective decision making related to spatial awareness can support favourable movement outcomes.
Skills & Procedures
Refine movement skills in relation to people or objects in a variety of physical activities.
Knowledge
Awareness of spatial changes may require modifications to game play.
Understanding
Spatial awareness can influence movement within and across physical activities.
Skills & Procedures
Modify and adapt game play based on awareness of spatial changes.
Guiding Question
How can an awareness of the body facilitate movement?
Guiding Question
How might awareness of the surroundings impact movement?
Guiding Question
How are awareness and movement connected?
Learning Outcome
Children explore and explain movement of the body.
Learning Outcome
Students demonstrate an understanding of how movement can support different types of physical activity.
Learning Outcome
Students demonstrate how movement can be modified to improve control and efficiency.
Knowledge
Movement of the body can include
  • walking
  • crawling
  • running
  • jumping
  • balancing
  • throwing
  • kicking
  • catching
  • trapping
Understanding
Movement is any physical activity that includes changes of position or physical location.
Skills & Procedures
Practise movement in any direction from one point to another.
Knowledge
Locomotor movements can include
  • walking
  • crawling
  • running
  • jumping
  • skipping
  • hopping
  • rolling
  • leaping
  • marching
First Nations, Métis, and Inuit physical activities and games are played for specific purposes that support physical movements used in daily life.
Understanding
Locomotor movement occurs when the body travels from one point to another.


Skills & Procedures
Demonstrate a variety of locomotor movements.

Perform locomotor movements in a variety of physical activity contexts.

Participate in a variety of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit physical activities and games.
Knowledge
The preparation phase or ready position includes all of the movements that prepare the body for a particular skill, including
  • facing the target
  • shifting the body
  • positioning arms and feet
  • establishing a stable position
  • finding a lower centre of gravity
The carrying-out phase includes the body gathering momentum and working to produce movement.

The completion phase includes movement continuing in the direction of action, slowing down of movement, and regaining stability.
Understanding
Three phases of movement include preparation, carrying out, and completion.
Skills & Procedures
Experiment with the three phases of movement in a variety of physical activities.

Modify one or more phases of movement to improve control and efficiency.
Knowledge
Indoor contexts can include
  • gymnasiums
  • classrooms
  • arenas
  • studios
Outdoor contexts can include
  • ice
  • snow
  • air
  • water
  • land
Understanding
Movement can occur in a variety of indoor and outdoor physical activity contexts.
Skills & Procedures
Explore movement in a variety of indoor and outdoor physical activity contexts.
Knowledge
Non-locomotor movements can include
  • balancing
  • twisting
  • turning
  • stretching
  • bending
Understanding
Non-locomotor movement is performed within personal space.
Skills & Procedures
Perform non-locomotor movements in a variety of physical activity contexts.

Knowledge
Movement skills can be refined and corrected with feedback and practice.
Understanding
Movement skill development requires repeated practice and effort.

Performance in physical activities can be enhanced by effort and repeated practice.

Enhanced performance can support motivation, confidence, and enjoyment.
Skills & Procedures
Participate in repeated practice for skill development.

Reflect on the performance of movement skills and apply ways to be more efficient.

Knowledge
Creative movement can be inspired by
  • tempo
  • imagination
  • beats
  • rhythms
  • music
  • literature
  • nature
Understanding
Movement can help express ideas, feelings, and emotions.
Skills & Procedures
Demonstrate movement of the body in creative ways.
Knowledge
Object manipulation can involve
  • sending objects, including pushing, throwing, and kicking
  • receiving objects, including catching
  • retaining objects, including trapping and carrying
Understanding
Object manipulation is the ability to control and handle objects with the body.
Skills & Procedures
Demonstrate a variety of object manipulation skills.

Select appropriate object manipulation skills required for various physical activity contexts.
Knowledge
Locomotor movements can include
  • galloping
  • wheeling
  • jogging
Non-locomotor movements can include
  • climbing
  • swinging
  • hanging
  • landing
Object manipulation can involve
  • sending objects, including passing and pulling
  • retaining objects, including bouncing
  • receiving objects, including collecting
Movement skills acquired through participation in First Nations, Métis, or Inuit games and activities include
  • agility
  • flexibility
  • coordination
  • endurance
  • strength
Understanding
Learned movements can be modified to support success across physical activity contexts.

Understanding historical context can provide opportunities to experiment with a variety of movement activities, including the Olympic events of
  • running
  • hurdles
  • high jump
  • discus
  • javelin
  • shot put
  • gymnastics
Skills & Procedures
Relate movement skills from one physical activity to those of another physical activity.

Explore the transferability of movement skills acquired through participation in Olympic and First Nations, Métis, or Inuit games and activities in a variety of contexts.
Guiding Question
What is fair play?
Guiding Question
How can fair play contribute to engagement in physical activity?
Guiding Question
How can teamwork support participation, safety, and enjoyment?
Learning Outcome
Children explore fair play through a variety of physical activities.
Learning Outcome
Students demonstrate an understanding of fair play and its associated benefits through a variety of physical activities.
Learning Outcome
Students investigate how teamwork supports participation in a variety of physical activities.
Knowledge
Fair play is a set of expectations that help individuals connect during physical activity.
Understanding
Fair play informs decisions that support positive relationships.
Skills & Procedures
Explore what fair play looks like during a variety of physical activities.
Knowledge
Fair play supports motivation, participation, and a feeling of being valued.

Fair play involves building relationships with people, regardless of skill or ability, in physical activity.
Understanding
Fair play involves acknowledging the importance of all.
Skills & Procedures
Demonstrate how fair play encourages participation.
Knowledge
Behaviours that support participation can include
  • using fair play practices
  • respecting coaches, teachers, and parents
  • cheering on teammates
  • using kind and appropriate language
Understanding
Physical activities have expectations that support participation, safety, and enjoyment for all.
Skills & Procedures
Display behaviours that support participation, safety, and participant enjoyment.
Knowledge
Fair play can include honesty, respect, and goodwill to others.
Understanding
Fair play ensures fairness and integrity of the physical activity.
Skills & Procedures
Demonstrate respect for others during physical activity.
Knowledge
Practices can include
  • respecting rules of play
  • taking turns
  • assuming roles
  • acknowledging success of others
  • encouraging others
Rules of play are expectations associated with various physical activities.
Understanding
Fair play is supported by practices that contribute to a sense of responsibility in a variety of physical activities.
Skills & Procedures
Demonstrate practices that support fair play.
Knowledge
Teamwork can build relationships and support others in unique ways.

Teamwork can include
  • communicating
  • interacting
  • making decisions
  • problem solving
  • sharing ideas
  • supporting others
  • contributing
Understanding
Some physical activities require teamwork.

Teamwork is working with others to achieve a common goal.
Skills & Procedures
Exhibit teamwork in a variety of physical activity contexts.
Organizing Idea
Character Development: Exploration of life opportunities and virtues develops resiliency and personal talents and promotes lifelong learning.
Guiding Question
How can personal characteristics influence feelings and emotions?
Guiding Question
How can personal characteristics contribute to self-understanding?
Guiding Question
How are roles connected to character development?
Learning Outcome
Children explore connections between personal characteristics and feeling and emotions.
Learning Outcome
Students examine and describe how personal characteristics contribute to self-understanding.
Learning Outcome
Students examine how the development of self-regulation is supported through participation in a variety of roles.
Knowledge
Personal characteristics are features or qualities belonging to a person.

Personal characteristics can include
  • strengths
  • talents
  • assets
  • personalities
  • virtues
Understanding
Personal characteristics can be unique or shared among individuals and groups.

Personal characteristics can represent individuals in place and time.
Skills & Procedures
Identify how characteristics can be unique or shared.

Identify personal characteristics.
Knowledge
Personal characteristics can be unique or shared among individuals and groups.
Understanding
Personal characteristics can contribute to self-worth, humility, self-confidence, and self-understanding.
Skills & Procedures
Recognize how individual and group characteristics are unique and valued.
Knowledge
A role is a specific position that someone holds in work, social, or relational contexts.
Understanding
People in the home, school, and community have roles, responsibilities, and occupations.

Roles have different responsibilities.
Skills & Procedures
Describe and compare responsibilities
connected with various roles.

Participate in a variety of roles in learning contexts.
Knowledge
Expression of feelings and emotions can be
  • physical
  • artistic
  • verbal
  • written
Understanding
Feelings can be personal or shared with others that are trustworthy.

Feelings and emotions can be identified, expressed, and described.


Skills & Procedures
Express feelings in a variety of ways.
Knowledge
Personal characteristics can describe an individual’s strengths and abilities.

Areas for nurture and growth can include
  • patience
  • compassion
  • honesty
  • kindness
  • empathy
Understanding
Personal characteristics can help individuals understand themselves as learners.

Areas for growth can be highlighted when reflecting on personal characteristics.

First Nations, Métis, and Inuit recognize individual characteristics as gifts.
Skills & Procedures
Describe personal learning strengths and abilities.

Discuss how some First Nations, Métis, and Inuit view characteristics as gifts that can contribute to individuals and community.
Knowledge
There are a variety of roles available for individuals within a community.
Understanding
Individuals contribute to community through participation in a variety of roles.

Sense of community is developed through the awareness of the roles and responsibilities of people within the community.
Skills & Procedures
Examine ways that individuals can positively contribute to communities through various roles.

Investigate opportunities to participate in community roles.
Knowledge
Individuals experience feelings differently.

People can experience a range of feelings and emotions, including
  • happiness
  • sadness
  • surprise
  • fear
  • love
  • anger
Understanding
All people experience feelings and emotions.

Skills & Procedures
Recognize that feelings and emotions are part of the human experience.
Knowledge
People, land, and animals have specific roles and responsibilities that contribute to community well-being.
Understanding
Communities include people, land, and animals.

People, land, and animals are interconnected.
Skills & Procedures
Explore how the roles and responsibilities of people, land, and animals contribute positively to community well-being.
Knowledge
Feelings and emotions can be managed by
  • taking time
  • taking a break
  • changing location
  • finding a quiet space
  • asking for help
Understanding
Feelings and emotions are connected and can change over time.
Skills & Procedures
Identify strategies to manage feelings and emotions in a variety of situations.
Knowledge
Emotions show how an individual feels.

People can experience a range of feelings and emotions, including
  • love
  • sadness
  • surprise
  • fear
  • anger
  • happiness
Understanding
Reactions to feelings and emotions can be experienced and observed.

Feelings can be identified and communicated to help people understand one another.
Skills & Procedures
Recognize how emotions can be expressed.
Knowledge
Self-regulation is effectively maintaining control over attention, thoughts, emotions, and behaviour in a variety of situations.

Self-regulation is the ability to attain or maintain a level of focus and function.
Understanding
Self-regulation can help decrease stress and manage anxiety.
Skills & Procedures
Explain the benefits of self-regulation.
Knowledge
Thoughts, feelings, and emotions are connected to behaviour.

Awareness of the body’s reaction to emotion helps people to choose appropriate responses.

The body experiences responses to emotions, including fight, flight, or freeze.
Understanding
Feelings, the body, and the brain are interconnected.
Skills & Procedures
Identify responses to emotions.
Knowledge
Self-regulation strategies can include
  • breathing techniques
  • physical activity breaks
  • quiet space
  • nutrition and hydration breaks
  • thinking before responding
  • adequate rest
  • recognizing challenges and obstacles
Understanding
Self-regulation involves identifying emotions using various tools, strategies, and actions.

Self-regulation strategies that maintain or enhance positive emotions are important for establishing effective outcomes.
Skills & Procedures
Describe tools or strategies that support regulation.

Demonstrate a variety of self-regulation strategies.
Knowledge
Reflection and feedback on feelings and emotions can contribute to personal growth and learning.
Understanding
An individual’s experiences can affect feelings and emotions.

Feelings and experiences can influence learning and motivation.
Skills & Procedures
Reflect on feelings and emotions that result from various personal experiences.
Knowledge
Self-regulation supports can include Knowledge Keepers, Elders, and the community.
Understanding
Self-regulation for First Nations, Métis, and Inuit can be supported through community.

Self-regulation is connected to signals from the body, mind, and spirit.
Skills & Procedures
Identify ways in which the community can support self-regulation.

Explore ways First Nations, Métis, or Inuit communities work together to support self-regulation.

Discuss situations where the body, mind, and spirit have an effect on self-regulation.
Organizing Idea
Safety: A lifetime of optimal well-being is supported by prioritizing health and safety.
Guiding Question
What might boundaries look like in different situations?
Guiding Question
How can boundaries contribute to safety?
Guiding Question
How can safety be promoted in various contexts?
Learning Outcome
Children recognize and describe boundaries in various situations.
Learning Outcome
Students investigate and explain how boundaries connect to safety.
Learning Outcome
Students examine and apply an understanding of personal safety in a variety of situations.
Knowledge
Boundaries in designated play or work spaces can include
  • rules
  • symbols
  • signs
  • digital citizenship (responsible conduct and safety)
Understanding
Boundaries are guidelines that help to keep people safe.
Skills & Procedures
Describe personal, physical, and visual boundaries found in familiar contexts.
Knowledge
Consent is giving permission or agreeing for something to happen.
Understanding
Personal boundaries are connected to an individual’s body and personal space.

Consent is established by clearly communicating refusal and permission.
Skills & Procedures
Discuss ways to express consent relating to personal boundaries.
Knowledge
Safety strategies are developed for
  • home safety
  • school safety
  • digital safety
  • accessing emergency services
  • giving or refusing consent
Understanding
Safety strategies and procedures can be practised in a variety of ways.
Skills & Procedures
Practise safety strategies and procedures in a variety of situations.
Knowledge
Permission statements can include communicating “yes.”

Refusal statements can include communicating “no.”
Understanding
Personal boundaries can be established through permission and refusal statements.
Skills & Procedures
Express phrases to indicate permission or refusal in a variety of contexts.
Knowledge
It is important to ask for help in unsafe situations.
Understanding
When boundaries are crossed or disrespected, children can tell a trusted adult.
Skills & Procedures
Identify trusted adults in the school and community who can support personal safety.
Knowledge
Safety is when individuals are free from injury, illness, and physical and emotional harm.
Understanding
Safety is needed for survival.

Consent is important in making safe decisions.
Skills & Procedures
Discuss ways to respond in unsafe situations.
Knowledge
Personal boundaries can be communicated through words and actions.
Understanding
Boundaries can be communicated to set expectations for how a person would like to be treated.
Skills & Procedures
Identify how to communicate personal needs and expectations to others in various situations.
Knowledge
Boundaries can change in various situations, including
  • type of activity
  • people involved
  • purpose
  • use of technology
Understanding
Boundaries can change over time or in different situations.
Skills & Procedures
Discuss situations or reasons that might lead to a boundary change.
Knowledge
Substances can be classified in different ways, including legal and illegal.

Legal substances can be harmful if used incorrectly.

Situations and contexts may present different safety concerns.
Understanding
Safety involves assessing for potential risk or injury by identifying safe and unsafe situations and substances.
Skills & Procedures
Classify situations and substances that are safe and unsafe.

Examine how safety can be improved in a variety of situations.
Knowledge
Personal and group boundaries can be expressed through
  • rules
  • symbols
  • signs
  • body language
Understanding
Boundaries are expressed to indicate a need or a want related to feelings of safety and security.
Skills & Procedures
Discuss needs and wants that connect to a feeling of safety and security.

Identify how boundaries might protect a person or a group of individuals.
Organizing Idea
Healthy Eating: A lifetime of optimal well-being and physical wellness is supported by prioritizing nutrition and healthy eating.
Guiding Question
Why is food necessary for life?
Guiding Question
How can food affect health?
Guiding Question
How can food impact well-being?
Learning Outcome
Children explore how food connects to daily life.
Learning Outcome
Students evaluate how food can affect health.
Learning Outcome
Students analyze how food can impact well-being.
Knowledge
Food is what individuals eat or drink.
Understanding
Food provides energy and nutrients that help the body function and grow.
Skills & Procedures
Explore a variety of foods and drinks that provide nutrients and energy to the body.
Knowledge
Whole foods are found in nature.

Whole foods can include
  • fruit
  • vegetables
  • legumes
  • nuts
  • seeds
  • grain products
Processed foods include whole foods that have been changed or have added ingredients.

Processed foods can be
  • cooked
  • canned
  • frozen
  • packaged
  • preserved
Understanding
Food can be natural or processed.
Skills & Procedures
Differentiate between whole foods and processed foods.
Knowledge
Cues associated with hunger include stomach growling, low energy, and irritability.

Cues associated with thirst include
  • dry mouth
  • low energy
  • dry skin or eyes
  • headache
Understanding
The human body provides cues that tell people when they are hungry or thirsty.
Skills & Procedures
Discuss cues associated with hunger and thirst.
Knowledge
Food can be obtained from markets, grocery stores, or directly from the land, including
  • gardening
  • trapping
  • growing
  • fishing
  • hunting
  • gathering
  • farming
Understanding
Food can be obtained from a variety of sources.
Skills & Procedures
Identify the source and origin of a variety of foods.
Knowledge
Healthy foods provide more of the nutrients that are good for the body and fewer of the nutrients that are not good for the body.

Some foods are unhealthy.
Understanding
Foods have certain characteristics that make them more or less healthy.
Skills & Procedures
Examine healthy decision making in food selection.

Discuss types of foods that provide more nourishment for the body.
Knowledge
Nutritional guidelines are a reference for making healthy food decisions.
Understanding
Nutritional guidelines help to inform healthy food decisions and eating habits.
Skills & Procedures
Apply recommendations from nutritional guidelines and health professionals to individual food decisions.
Knowledge
Food allergies are when one’s body reacts unusually to food.

Allergic reactions to food can range from mild to severe, including anaphylactic shock.

Food preferences are ways an individual chooses what to eat or drink.
Understanding
Foods can contain risks and benefits to an individual’s health.
Skills & Procedures
Examine personal food preferences.

Identify personal food allergens.
Knowledge
Food can provide an opportunity for individuals to experience various cultures and traditions.
Understanding
Food can foster
  • community
  • connection
  • fellowship
  • family
  • knowledge
  • tradition
Skills & Procedures
Discuss ways that food provides insights into various cultures, practices, and traditions.
Organizing Idea
Healthy Relationships: Personal well-being is supported through positive relationships built on communication, collaboration, empathy, and respect.
Guiding Question
What are healthy relationships?
Guiding Question
How can connections support healthy relationships?
Guiding Question
How can healthy relationships be portrayed in various contexts?
Learning Outcome
Children examine healthy relationships in learning and playing environments.
Learning Outcome
Students investigate how healthy relationships in learning and playing environments are built through connection.
Learning Outcome
Students connect healthy relationships to a variety of learning and playing contexts.
Knowledge
Healthy relationships can be based on
  • shared experiences
  • commonalities
  • a sense of interest
  • a sense of appreciation
  • friendship
Friendship is a type of relationship.

A person can feel connected to
  • another person
  • the land
  • animals
  • an object
  • a place
Understanding
Relationship is a feeling of being connected.

Relationships can be made in learning and playing environments.

Friendships are unique connections between people.
Skills & Procedures
Describe ways people develop healthy relationships with other people, the land, animals, places, or objects.

Define and practise friendship.
Knowledge
Playgrounds and community centres can be places found within communities.
Understanding
Places that bring people together support relationships within the community.



Skills & Procedures
Describe the ways community supports relationships with others.
Knowledge
Healthy relationships can be strengthened through frequent or ongoing interactions.
Understanding
Healthy relationships can include bonds formed with one another or with nature.
Skills & Procedures
Reflect on how personal relationships are maintained or strengthened.
Knowledge
Healthy relationships can lead to a broad range of feelings.

Healthy relationships can result in experiences of feeling loved, respected, cared for, and valued.
Understanding
Healthy relationships support social- emotional well-being.
Skills & Procedures
Discuss the impact healthy relationships have on personal feelings.
Knowledge
Healthy relationships can develop between people and groups when trust is built and they share something in common.

Friendship is based on building trust and sharing something in common.
Understanding
Healthy relationships are an essential human need and support social-emotional well-being.

Friendships add to feelings of well-being.
Skills & Procedures
Explain how shared interests and goals can support healthy relationships.

Explore how healthy relationships help fulfill human needs.

Practise words and actions that support friendship.
Knowledge
Community supports can include
  • resources
  • programs
  • information
  • services
Friendships can be developed based on sharing, listening to ideas, and experiences with others.
Understanding
Relationships within the community can be strengthened when adequate supports are in place and can be weakened when supports are limited.

Connections within a community help to develop social-emotional well-being.

Friendships can develop within a community setting.

Skills & Procedures
Identify sources of support within the community to enhance well-being and relationships.

Practise sharing and listening to ideas of others.
Organizing Idea
Growth and Development: Decision making that optimizes personal health and well-being is informed by understanding growth and development.
Guiding Question
How is growth unique and individual?
Guiding Question
How is growth multi-faceted?
Guiding Question
How can growth change over time?
Learning Outcome
Children identify and describe physical growth.
Learning Outcome
Students investigate and describe growth and its connection to habits.
Learning Outcome
Students investigate how growth is affected by variables.
Knowledge
Physical growth is a process that can be measured.
Understanding
Physical growth is different for everyone.
Skills & Procedures
Recognize that physical growth is different for everyone.
Knowledge
Physical growth begins before birth and can continue throughout a lifespan.

Physical growth can be a measured increase in the size or mass of the body.
Understanding
Physical growth is the change of features.

Changes that occur during growth are something to be proud of.
Skills & Procedures
Examine growth and change in the body over the course of the year.
Knowledge
Factors influencing growth can include
  • food
  • mental health
  • physical activity
  • rest
  • environment
  • family traits
Understanding
Growth can be affected by various factors.
Skills & Procedures
Recognize how a variety of factors can affect healthy growth.
Knowledge
Growth involves changes in a person’s body.
Understanding
Bodies are special and unique.
Skills & Procedures
Describe physical changes in the body since birth.
Knowledge
Hygiene habits include
  • dental care
  • hand sanitization and washing
  • protocols for sneezing and coughing
  • not sharing personal items
Understanding
Hygiene habits can support health and growth.
Skills & Procedures
Describe ways of maintaining good health, growth, and development.

Describe healthy hygiene habits.
Knowledge
Parts of the body that exhibit different rates of growth can include
  • hair
  • hand size
  • foot size
  • height
Understanding
Growth of the body varies and happens at different rates.
Skills & Procedures
Distinguish between parts of the body where growth is more visible than in others.